gum diseaseGum disease

Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it. Also referred to as periodontal disease, gum disease is caused by plaque, the sticky film of bacteria that is constantly forming on our teeth.

Here are some warning signs that can signal a problem:

  • gums that bleed easily
  • red, swollen, tender gums
  • gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • persistent bad breath or bad taste
  • permanent teeth that are loose or separating
  • any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • any change in the fit of partial dentures

Some factors increase the risk of developing gum disease. They are:

  • poor oral hygiene
  • smoking or chewing tobacco
  • genetics
  • crooked teeth that are hard to keep clean
  • pregnancy
  • diabetes
  • medications, including steroids, certain types of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium
  • channel blockers and oral contraceptives

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A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is placed into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge. Dental implants may be an option for people who have lost a tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, an injury, or some other reason.

teeth before implant

teeth before implant

teeth after implant

teeth after implant

TYPES OF DENTAL IMPLANTS

Endosteal (in the bone): This is the most commonly used type of implant. The various types include screws, cylinders or blades surgically placed into the jawbone. Each implant holds one or more prosthetic teeth. This type of implant is generally used as an alternative for patients with bridges or removable dentures.

Subperiosteal (on the bone): These are placed on top of the jaw with the metal framework’s posts protruding through the gum to hold the prosthesis. These types of implants are used for patients who are unable to wear conventional dentures and who have minimal bone height.

ARE YOU A CANDIDATE FOR DENTAL IMPLANTS?

The ideal candidate for a dental implant is in good general and oral health. Adequate bone in your jaw is needed to support the implant, and the best candidates have healthy gum tissues that are free of periodontal disease.

Dental implants are intimately connected with the gum tissues and underlying bone in the mouth. Since periodontists are the dental experts who specialize in precisely these areas, they are ideal members of your dental implant team. Not only do periodontists have experience working with other dental professionals, they also have the special knowledge, training and facilities that you need to have teeth that look and feel just like your own. Your dentist and periodontist will work together to make your dreams come true.

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toothache at nightA toothache can be a very sharp, sensitive pain that occurs around your teeth, or dull throbbing pain in your teeth. Teeth grinding, tooth decay, sinusitis, abscessed tooth, and caries are the major causes of toothache. Toothache usually comes and goes. The pain can start with intense flare-ups and then stop. It can prevent you from enjoying your daily activities, eating, and sleeping. The most common problem with this pain is that it becomes worse at night. It is more likely to worsen at night when you try to sleep or lie down. Fortunately, you can deal with it by following a few simple tips.
 

Rinsing your mouth before sleeping

You should sip some whisky and spit it out in order to rinse your mouth before sleeping. This may greatly help you to sleep peacefully without experiencing any pain.

 

Using baking soda and salt

If an abscessed tooth is responsible for causing your toothache, you should mix equal portions of baking soda and salt, and pat cotton in some water before dipping it in this powder. You should then place this cotton in between your teeth and cheek. Do not place it directly inside your tooth. You can relieve pressure and toothache by leaving a cotton ball overnight.

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Dental Veneers

lumineersFirst of all, the dental veneers are thin sheets of porcelain that are applied onto the outer surface of the tooth.

The dental veneers can hide imperfections such as stained teeth, slightly crooked teeth, discolored teeth and other. Now, there are two major types of dental veneers available:

the preparation veneers

the non preparation veneers

The preparation veneers, are the regular porcelain dental veneers. In order to apply them, your dentist will remove parts of the enamel of the tooth, and maybe file down the teeth in order for the veneers to fit naturally.

Also, in order for the veneer to adhere perfectly to the surface of your teeth, the dentist will remove a layer of enamel. Many patients are quite scared about this procedure, but otherwise the dental veneers cannot be fitted well.

One very important thing you need to keep in mind is that you should find yourself a very highly trained and skilled cosmetic dentist who performs dental veneers treatments.

He will explain to you that he is going to try to preserve as much as possible from your natural teeth, so you should not worry that your teeth will be filed down excessively.

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dental veneers for crooked teeth

Are your teeth crooked with gaps in between along with some tooth stains? Do need to attend a family function or your wedding is nearing and you need to have the best of looks? So, how do you get rid of this crooked teeth gap and tooth stains in a short span of time? Earlier, the only way out was to cover the tooth with a crown. But, today, there has been so much advancement in technology that finding quick and accurate solutions to the problem is easy.

Veneers

Among the newer techniques that have come up for treating crooked teeth gaps and tooth stains, dental veneers or laminates seem to be the best procedure. These dental veneers or laminates are very thin, custom-made shells that are tooth-coloured materials.

They are specifically designed to cover the front surface of the teeth and thereby improve the physical appearance of the teeth. This treatment in fact gives a kind of confidence to those who have received it. The dental veneers or laminates can be used to restore a single tooth or even multiple teeth, which may have worn down, broken, chipped or have stains. These can be set right and the gaps can be concealed or the crooked teeth can even be made to look straight. Dental veneers are made from porcelain or resin composite materials. Porcelain veneers resist stains better than resin veneers and better mimic the light-reflecting properties of natural teeth. One of the best advantages of using veneers is that, prior to the procedure, they do not require much of shaping unlike in tooth crowns.

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gingivitisGingivitis means inflammation of the gums (gingiva). It commonly occurs because of films of bacteria that accumulate on the teeth – plaque; this type is called plaque-induced gingivitis. Gingivitis is a non-destructive type of periodontal disease. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, which is more serious and can eventually lead to loss of teeth.

GINGIVITIS INFORMATION

A patient with gingivitis will have red and puffy gums, and they will most likely bleed when they brush their teeth. Generally, gingivitis resolves with good oral hygiene – longer and more frequent brushing, as well as flossing. Some people find that using an antiseptic mouthwash, alongside proper tooth brushing and flossing also helps.

In mild cases of gingivitis, patients may not even know they have it, because symptoms are mild. However, the condition should be taken seriously and addressed immediately.


There are two main categories of gingival diseases (1999 World Workshop in Clinical Periodontics):

  • Dental plaque-induced gingival disease

    Gingivitis caused only by plaque
    Gingivitis caused by systemic factors
    Gingivitis caused by medications
    Gingivitis caused by malnutrition

  • Non-plaque induced gingival lesions

    Gingival diseases – caused by a specific bacterium
    Gingival diseases – caused by a specific virus
    Gingival diseases – caused by a specific fungus
    Gingival diseases – caused by genetic factors
    Gum inflammations caused by systemic conditions
    Gum inflammations caused by traumatic lesions
    Gum inflammations caused by reactions to foreign bodies
    Gum inflammations without known causes

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